Gresham Siding Contractors Presents – Siding Industry History
By Gresham Siding Contractors – Siding refers to the exterior material applied to the walls of a house or other building meant to shed water, protect the walls from the effects of weather, insulate, and is a key in the aesthetics of the structure.
Some walls such as solid brickwork and masonry veneer are not covered with siding, but some buildings such as log buildings can have siding added.
The global siding market is projected to grow 4.2 percent yearly through 2019 to 5.9 billion square meters, valued at $80 billion.
North America will post the fastest market gains while the Asia/Pacific region will account for half of additional global demand. Metal, vinyl, stucco and EIFS siding will grow the fastest.
Many early Forest Service buildings were constructed from logs. Wood siding with a variety of profiles were the usual cladding on buildings constructed with wood frames.
Some roofing and siding materials that were commonly used on early 20th-century Forest Service buildings are no longer used or have changed in form or composition.
Intermission for a short lesson on siding install techniques for Soffit and Facia
By the 1930s, other materials sometimes were used for facility exteriors. In the Pacific Southwest Region, asbestos shingles and composition shingles were specified for some standard building plans.
Siding materials commonly used on early 20th-century Forest Service buildings included materials that are either no longer used or have changed significantly in form or composition.
Aggregate pressed into the mats increased durability. After 1900, stone granules replaced cinders as the aggregate of choice.
Colors were limited to black and shades of red and green until the 1930s when manufacturers began using ceramic granules.
These granules offered a wider range of colors that could be combined to create a variegated appearance.
In the early 1900s, manufacturers reinforced Portland cement with asbestos fibers to create a fire-resistant and durable building material.
The product, first made in 1905, served as a coating for boilers, steam pipes, and equipment that generated heat.
How Gresham Siding Contractors View Asbestos-Cement
Asbestos-cement coatings also were used to patch roofs and seal areas where pipes or other items penetrated the roof.
The production of asbestos-cement sheets became possible in 1907 when Austrian Ludwig Hatschek brought his patented process to the United States.
Forming and curing processes were improved and it was not long before shingles and corrugated panels for roofs and walls were manufactured.
A wide range of asbestos-cement products, such as pipes, faux ceramic tiles, and decorative moldings, became available. Successful manufacturers included Eternit, Johns-Manville, and the Asbestos Shingle Slate and Sheathing Co.
White, gray-pink, and gray-green were the most common of the limited colors available for asbestos-cement siding. In the 1940s, speckled patterns were produced by pressing granules of pigment into the surface.
Manufacturers began offering deeper hues of brown, green, and coral during the booming 1950s housing market. Despite the available colors, or perhaps because of them, many structures with asbestos-cement siding were eventually painted.
Siding made of asbestos cement was another popular building material. Individual square, rectangular, and hexagonal shingles dominated, although long planks resembling clapboard were offered by the late 1930s.
The surfaces of siding produced in the 1920s and early 1930s were smooth. Textured finishes, particularly wood-grain patterns, were available beginning in 1937.